Labor

Jobs are the lifeblood for national economies and family budgets. The search for economic opportunity often drives people to move around the globe. The most educated and highly skilled workers are in demand, and immigration policies often reflect that priority. Less skilled would-be immigrants, however, are often subject to tighter restrictions – even in nations where native citizens refuse to take on harvesting, construction, cleaning or other difficult tasks. Advanced technology reduces the need for labor; employers also rely on outsourcing, contract workers and the internet for digital work, including tax preparation, X-ray analysis or graphic design. Nations fiercely compete for jobs while multinational corporations reduce labor costs to increase profits.

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More On Labor

COLUMN
Anti-immigration policies do not solve challenges of inequality, corruption or unsustainability
AUDIO
BOOK REVIEW
Exceptional People is a comprehensive and objective study of migration that convincingly counters this narrative with research rather than bold rhetoric.
BOOK EXCERPT
The history of the United States shows that immigrants have enriched the nation with innovations that lead to explosive job creation.
ACADEMIC PAPER
Wage inequality may have little association with economic growth, and reversing it would have little impact on growth