Recent YaleGlobal Articles

Dilip Hiro
March 7, 2019
Pakistan received substantial US military and financial aid since 2001, and the Trump administration canceled those payments in 2018, with the president suggesting that the country doesn't "do anything for us." Pakistan still has support from China, an ally since 1962, and Saudi...
Farok J. Contractor
March 5, 2019
As China and the United States negotiate a trade deal, currency manipulation is among the contentious issues. The US president announced agreement has been reached on currency manipulation, but did not release details. Control is easier said than done. Currency values are fluid, moving in relation...
Michał Romanowski
February 28, 2019
For more than two decades, Belarus has balanced ties between Russia and the West, with a neutral foreign-policy stance that can irritate both sides. For example, the government has not yet recognized Crimea as Russian territory, and Belarus has a dismal human rights record with a president who has...
Maxime Weigert and Mohamed El Dahshan
February 26, 2019
Industrialization is a priority for Africa. The continent of 54 countries and 1.3 billion people need not duplicate the industrialization path of China or the West. Instead, African communities can focus on cooperation with regional rather than global value chains, thus avoiding intense competition...
Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León
February 21, 2019
Russia and the United States each hold thousands of nuclear weapons, far more than other countries have. Yet the two nations no longer lead efforts to reduce nuclear arms: The United States announced suspension of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, and Russia soon followed suit....
Harold Hongju Koh
February 19, 2019
The Trump administration’s heavy-handed America First policies clash with international law. So far, the courts and other institutions withstand the onslaught to confront troubling policies – from a travel ban for nationals from Muslim-majority nations to separation of immigrant parents from...
Joergen Oerstroem Moeller
February 14, 2019
China is intent on rivaling the United States as a global superpower. That status requires good trade relations as few nations have access to all resources or production capacity required for military endeavors far from home. Solid finances also help. China, predominately a continental power, takes...
Jolyon Howorth
February 12, 2019
After centuries of conflict over religion and sovereignty, Ireland and Britain agreed to an Irish Free State in 1921 with the Republic of Ireland founded in 1937. Britain and Ireland joined the European Community in 1973 though tensions did not end. “The Good Friday Agreement that ended the...
February 11, 2019
Gillian Triggs served as president of the Australian Human Rights Commission for five years, vehemently defending the rights of indigenous people, asylum seekers and refugees. Indigenous people represent just over 3 percent of Australia’s population of 24 million, and the number of refugees and...
Suzanne Oakdale
February 7, 2019
Brazil, the world’s fifth largest nation in terms of territory, has more than 250 indigenous groups that make up less than 1 percent of the population, according to the country’s 2010 census. Many inhabit the Amazon River basin, the world’s largest river system with tracts of virgin rainforest....
Debabrata Chattopadhyay, Morgan D. Bazilian and Mohar Chattopadhyay
February 5, 2019
Climate change threatens all industries with storms, wildfires, droughts, heat waves and rising seas, and the energy industry has no special standing. “Together, these risks can lead to power outages, increased electricity prices and increased maintenance, and capital costs – along with damaging...
Nicola P. Contessi
January 31, 2019
China’s Belt and Road projects offer diversification opportunities for smaller countries that could alter longstanding relations. Such Belt and Road influence is evident in a trade and transit protocol finalized by China and Nepal in September 2018. Nepal, remote and landlocked, a country of 29...
Jamsheed Choksy and Carol E.B. Choksy
January 29, 2019
Donald Trump announced plans to retreat from Syria and Afghanistan in December, and if true, Iran would benefit by increasing its influence with Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, Afghanistan and beyond. “The America First foreign policy places short-term profit above enduring human needs and values,...
Deepak Gopinath
January 24, 2019
Fracking has contributed to US energy prominence, yet the geopolitical influence may be brief. Rising interest rates hike investment costs, reducing incentives to drill new wells. “Questions about sustainability have long dogged US shale oil’s remarkable rise, given the rapid rate at which shale...
Louis René Beres
January 22, 2019
Donald Trump completes two years as president, and one characteristic of his term has been disdain for scientific evidence, historical perspectives, educated opinions and traditional alliances. These attitudes are not Trump’s own and the presidency represents longstanding mistrust of elites,...
Joseph Chamie
January 17, 2019
Improved health care and a decline in fertility rates contribute to the elderly becoming the fastest growing age group worldwide. Demographers project numbers of elderly to more than double to 1.5 billion by 2050. “Rising costs of medical treatment and health care for the rapidly expanding pool of...
Taehwa Hong
January 15, 2019
The United States under the Trump administration has targeted China as a trade and security threat, and North Korea’s Kim Jong-un takes advantage of the rising tensions to court three presidents: Moon Jae-in of South Korea, Xi Jinping of China and Donald Trump of the United States. China, resisting...
Elkanah Babatunde
January 10, 2019
Reducing reliance on fossil fuels, developing affordable renewable energies and adapting to extreme weather and rising seas are costly challenges. The UN Conference of the Parties on Climate Change adopted a rulebook with operational details for implementing the 2015 Paris Agreement. Developed...
David Dapice
January 8, 2019
Investors worldwide worry about numerous shocks that could disrupt the global economy – war, cyberattacks or natural disasters. After a decade of low interest rates that fueled record levels of debt, governments recognize that economic growth is slowing. Other warning signs: Nationalism and...
Susan Froetschel
January 8, 2019
Survival of the world’s livable habitat depends on 6 billion people living in developing nations to resist the lifestyles practiced by 1 billion people living in the world’s wealthiest nations. Reckless consumerism has become more threat than comfort, wasting limited resources and poisoning water...
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