Recent YaleGlobal Articles

Stephen Roach
April 2, 2019
Analysts expect the United States and China to reach agreement on new trade rules to end immediate economic pain. But a fast deal is not reason for celebration as the United States still has trade deficits with more than 100 nations. “The multilateral imbalance stems from a profound shortfall of US...
Susan Froetschel
April 1, 2019
Saudi Arabia and Iran, locked in a bitter rivalry, seek to influence the Middle East with little reason but their own supremacy. Author Dilip Hiro, based on his own travels and experiences as a journalist, describes a history of troubled relations and power machinations. In her review of Cold War...
Agnia Grigas
March 28, 2019
Kazakhstan’s president abruptly resigned after three decades of authoritarian rule, with the next elections scheduled in 2020. Energy-rich Kazakhstan is a former Soviet republic that continues to host key military and strategic facilities for Russia. The gross domestic product of Kazakhstan...
Xueying Zhang and Yue (Hans) Zhu
March 26, 2019
The United States and the Soviet Union, convinced that their ideologies were incompatible, engaged in a Cold War during the latter part of the 20th century. Some suggest similar hostility emerges between the United States and a fast-rising China. “Chinese leaders repeatedly stress that China...
César Braga-Pinto
March 21, 2019
Globalization may prompt some to question the need for specific and diverse language, literature and regional studies programs in higher education. As a result, scholars respond with innovative and interdisciplinary approaches, collaborating with history, politics and other disciplines. "...
Joseph Chamie
March 19, 2019
Governments have organized censuses since ancient times, and as the world’s population approaches 8 billion, governments have more people to count and analyze than ever before. Censuses help determine efficient allocation of government funds and political representation. A low median age suggests...
Börje Ljunggren
March 14, 2019
Vietnam emerged as a winner, benefiting from global media attention after a second summit between the leaders of North Korea and the United States ended in failure. “Vietnam has clawed its way toward more capitalism and a market system despite communist rule,” writes author Börje Ljunggren, former...
Madhurima Shukla
March 12, 2019
Health care systems introduced the measles vaccine in the early 1960s, preventing countless deaths. Still, the contagious disease causes about 100,000 deaths each year. Pockets of resistance against vaccines emerge in wealthy and poor nations alike, with serious outbreaks of measles and other...
Dilip Hiro
March 7, 2019
Pakistan received substantial US military and financial aid since 2001, and the Trump administration canceled those payments in 2018, with the president suggesting that the country doesn't "do anything for us." Pakistan still has support from China, an ally since 1962, and Saudi...
Farok J. Contractor
March 5, 2019
As China and the United States negotiate a trade deal, currency manipulation is among the contentious issues. The US president announced agreement has been reached on currency manipulation, but did not release details. Control is easier said than done. Currency values are fluid, moving in relation...
Michał Romanowski
February 28, 2019
For more than two decades, Belarus has balanced ties between Russia and the West, with a neutral foreign-policy stance that can irritate both sides. For example, the government has not yet recognized Crimea as Russian territory, and Belarus has a dismal human rights record with a president who has...
Maxime Weigert and Mohamed El Dahshan
February 26, 2019
Industrialization is a priority for Africa. The continent of 54 countries and 1.3 billion people need not duplicate the industrialization path of China or the West. Instead, African communities can focus on cooperation with regional rather than global value chains, thus avoiding intense competition...
Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León
February 21, 2019
Russia and the United States each hold thousands of nuclear weapons, far more than other countries have. Yet the two nations no longer lead efforts to reduce nuclear arms: The United States announced suspension of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, and Russia soon followed suit....
Harold Hongju Koh
February 19, 2019
The Trump administration’s heavy-handed America First policies clash with international law. So far, the courts and other institutions withstand the onslaught to confront troubling policies – from a travel ban for nationals from Muslim-majority nations to separation of immigrant parents from...
Joergen Oerstroem Moeller
February 14, 2019
China is intent on rivaling the United States as a global superpower. That status requires good trade relations as few nations have access to all resources or production capacity required for military endeavors far from home. Solid finances also help. China, predominately a continental power, takes...
Jolyon Howorth
February 12, 2019
After centuries of conflict over religion and sovereignty, Ireland and Britain agreed to an Irish Free State in 1921 with the Republic of Ireland founded in 1937. Britain and Ireland joined the European Community in 1973 though tensions did not end. “The Good Friday Agreement that ended the...
February 11, 2019
Gillian Triggs served as president of the Australian Human Rights Commission for five years, vehemently defending the rights of indigenous people, asylum seekers and refugees. Indigenous people represent just over 3 percent of Australia’s population of 24 million, and the number of refugees and...
Suzanne Oakdale
February 7, 2019
Brazil, the world’s fifth largest nation in terms of territory, has more than 250 indigenous groups that make up less than 1 percent of the population, according to the country’s 2010 census. Many inhabit the Amazon River basin, the world’s largest river system with tracts of virgin rainforest....
Debabrata Chattopadhyay, Morgan D. Bazilian and Mohar Chattopadhyay
February 5, 2019
Climate change threatens all industries with storms, wildfires, droughts, heat waves and rising seas, and the energy industry has no special standing. “Together, these risks can lead to power outages, increased electricity prices and increased maintenance, and capital costs – along with damaging...
Nicola P. Contessi
January 31, 2019
China’s Belt and Road projects offer diversification opportunities for smaller countries that could alter longstanding relations. Such Belt and Road influence is evident in a trade and transit protocol finalized by China and Nepal in September 2018. Nepal, remote and landlocked, a country of 29...
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