Pollution Fight in Delhi Has Failed: India Times

India’s capital city contends with severe pollution due to rising population, unchecked agriculture burning in nearby states and disregard for regulations. Delhi residents mourn how growth has contributed to a decline in quality of life: “the city has multiplied manifold, both in population, infrastructure and pollution-causing agents such as automobile, consumption of electricity and the use of air conditioners…,” explains Saket Suman for India Times, adding that low-cost suburbs have expanded outward as the city’s costs have risen. But regulations, including odd-even schemes for vehicles, have not worked. The city’s natural forests and waterways have vanished due to development, Saman continues. “Blame it on the prevalent corruption in Indian politics or the forces of globalization that helped in the emergence of multinational companies in the city, which in turn attracted migrants in huge numbers in anticipation of better prospects.” Basic resources like clean air and water have become luxuries. He suggests relocation of India's capital, but that won't reduce overall carbon emissions. Air pollution and climate change do not respect boundaries. – YaleGlobal

Pollution Fight in Delhi Has Failed: India Times

Climate protesters question quick fixes on carbon emissions; Delhi's efforts to battle smog fail due to corruption, failure to enforce regulations
Saket Suman
Monday, November 4, 2019

Read the article from India Times.

 China 47%	47% US 13%	13% India 10%	10% Australia 6%	6% Indonesia 5%	5% Others 20%	20%
World coal production increased in 2017 by 3.3 percent and accounts for 27.1 percent of the world total energy supply, second behind oil at 32.6 percent, reports IEA Energy Atlas; for electricity production, coal represents the highest share at almost 40 percent ahead of renewable sources at about 25 percent and natural gas at 23 percent  (Source: IEA Energy Atlas and World Atlas)

 Japan 17%	17% India 16%	16% China 13%	13% S Korea 11%	11% Taiwan 5%	5% Netherlands 4%	4% Others 34%	34%

India is a major coal producer and importer (Source: World’s Top Exports)

Gurugram, India (southwest of Delhi), Ghaziabad, India (northeast of Delhi), Faisalabad, Pakistan (west of Lahore); Faridabad, India (south of Delhi); Bhiwadi, India (southwest of Delhi); Noida, India (east of Delhi); Patna, northeast India;  Hotan, western China; Lucknow, northern India ;Lahore, Pakistan; Delhi, India

Many of the world’s most polluted cities are near Delhi (Source: AirVisual and Greenpeace, 2018)

 	Ranked by Avg PM2.5 Concentration 1 Bangladesh	97.1 2 Pakistan	74.3 3 India	72.5 4 Afghanistna	61.8 10 Nigeria	44.84 12 China	41.2 17 Vietnam	32.9 23 Thailand	26.4 25 Iran	25 26 Chile	24.9 27 S Korea	24 33 Mexico	20.3 44 Brazil	16.3 46 Italy	14.9 48 Philippines	14.5 53 France	13.2 54 Germany	13 55 Japan	12 48 Russia	11.4 61 UK	10.8 65 US	9 69 Sweden	7.4 72 Finland	6.6 73 Iceland	5.    1 Bangladesh		164.7 2 Pakistan		197 3 India		1339 4 Afghanistna		35.53 10 Nigeria		196 12 China		1386 17 Vietnam		95.54 23 Thailand		69.04 25 Iran		81.16 26 Chile		18.05 27 S Korea		51.47 33 Mexico		129.2 44 Brazil		209.3 46 Italy		60.48 48 Philippines	104.9 53 France		66.99 54 Germany		82.79 55 Japan	126.8 48 Russia	144.5 61 UK	66.44 65 US	327.2 69 Sweden	10.12 72 Finland	5.513 73 Iceland	0.361

India is not the most polluted nation, and nations with the most air pollution, as compared by estimated average PM2.5 concentration are in Asia; not all places measure air pollution, 73 nations were ranked, and PM2.5 measures inhalable particles 2.5 microns or smaller  (Source: AirVisual and Greenpeace, 2018)

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