Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, activities and attributes that a particular society considers appropriate for men and women, explains the World Health Organization. The distinct roles, reinforced by legal systems and religion, have historically given rise to gender inequalities not only in health care but with education and employment opportunities. Globalization has challenged the most archaic perceptions of gender roles through books, films and other media; new technologies in satellite television and the internet; policies of multinational corporations and tourism. Human rights groups reach across borders to lend support and inspiration to those in other lands; the United Nations and other international target gender equality as a major goal.

Long-Term Answer to Border Crises: Empower Women

Border crises flare as government policies neglect inequality, family planning and gender mainstreaming
Marisol Ruiz
August 19, 2014

Re-Imagining Kinship

Biological parenthood is valued over all other forms – childlessness should be de-stigmatized
Amrita Nandy
May 13, 2014

World Population Trends Signal Dangers Ahead

Governments must prepare for diverse rates of fertility, urbanization and aging population – all happening simultaneously
Barry Mirkin
April 3, 2014

Women More Educated Than Men But Still Paid Less

After centuries of male dominance in higher education, women outnumber men in attendance, graduation rates
Joseph Chamie
March 6, 2014

Easing One-Child Policy May Be Too Late

China’s one-child policy lifted living standards, but set a hard-to- reverse trend of demographic decline
Joseph Chamie
January 7, 2014

Winners and Losers After Arab Spring

Surveys in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia show variations in who’s empowered or sidelined
Lindsay J. Benstead, Ellen M. Lust, Dhafer Malouche, Gamal Soltan, Jakob Wichmann
August 27, 2013