A readily measurable aspect of globalization is the increasing exchange of capital, products and services across national boundaries, spurred by expanded use of container shipping and other technological improvements as well as falling barrier. The interdependence is most apparent with global supply chains, as manufactured goods like vehicles and electronics are assembled with components produced around the world, and it’s increasingly rare for any country to be the sole source of any one complex product. Countries aim to increase exports but worry about too many imports and trade imbalances, even as their consumers pursue low prices. Disagreements on subsidies, tariffs, quotas or unfair practices are debated by the World Trade Organization.

China, Russia Seek to Profit as the EU Beacon of Democracy Goes Dim

The EU – divided over debt, entitlements and refugees – confronts authoritarian politics at home and from afar
Humphrey Hawksley
April 5, 2016

A Flat World Gets Bumpy With Globalization in Retreat

World leaders blame open borders for economic woes, trying protectionist controls rather than reducing inequality
David Dapice
March 24, 2016

Opportunities, Not Oppression, to Stop Illegal Mining in the Peruvian Amazon

Targeting small illegal mines in Peru is counterproductive, and the entire supply chain should strive for ethical standards
David J.X. Gonzalez
February 18, 2016

The US and Russia Face to Face as Ice Curtain Melts

Melting Arctic ice revives trade hopes and defense worries along non-hostile border between the US and Russia
Humphrey Hawksley
November 5, 2015

Pacific Trade Deal Needs to Harmonize With Sustainable Development Goals

Transpacific Partnership boosts UN Sustainable Development Goals in some ways and undermines them in others
Shuaihua Wallace Cheng
October 22, 2015

Pakistan Keen to Keep Ties with Iran and Saudi Arabia

Open for trade, Iran may test two rivalries – its own with Saudi Arabia, another between Pakistan and India
Debalina Ghoshal
October 1, 2015

Risk of Backlash With China Deal: Financial Times

James Politi and Lucy Hornby
February 27, 2019

Future of Trade, Value Chains in Services: McKinsey

Susan Lund, James Manyika, Jonathan Woetzel, Jacques Bughin, Mekala Krishnan, Jeongmin Seong, and Mac Muir
February 26, 2019