A readily measurable aspect of globalization is the increasing exchange of capital, products and services across national boundaries, spurred by expanded use of container shipping and other technological improvements as well as falling barrier. The interdependence is most apparent with global supply chains, as manufactured goods like vehicles and electronics are assembled with components produced around the world, and it’s increasingly rare for any country to be the sole source of any one complex product. Countries aim to increase exports but worry about too many imports and trade imbalances, even as their consumers pursue low prices. Disagreements on subsidies, tariffs, quotas or unfair practices are debated by the World Trade Organization.

Pakistan Keen to Keep Ties with Iran and Saudi Arabia

Open for trade, Iran may test two rivalries – its own with Saudi Arabia, another between Pakistan and India
Debalina Ghoshal
October 1, 2015

Can Trade Keep Iran in Line?

Trade delegations rush to Iran; if its nuclear ambitions are not contained, restoring sanctions won't be easy
Jamsheed K. Choksy and Carol E. B. Choksy
September 17, 2015

Seeking Safety Abroad: The Hidden Story in China’s FDI Statistics

The Chinese prefer investing overseas; dummy companies may ease transfers and devalue renminbi
Farok J. Contractor
September 10, 2015

Beijing’s Maritime Silk Road Passes Through Islamabad

With strong ties to Pakistan, China extends economic and strategic influence over the Indian Ocean region
Dilip Hiro
July 21, 2015

China’s New Silk Road: Implications for the US

China’s responds to US pivot to Asia with One Belt, One Road – that could offer opportunity for the US
Shuaihua Wallace Cheng
May 28, 2015

Headwinds as the US Moves Toward Secretive Trade Agreement

The TPP would deepen trade and corporate regulation for 12 Pacific Rim nations
David Dapice
May 19, 2015

Trade War Helps China’s Belt and Road: China Brief

Chris Devonshire-Ellis
August 15, 2019

The US Deficit Economy: Project Syndicate

Joseph E. Stiglitz
August 12, 2019

China Produces Caviar: Quartz

Ephrat Livni
August 7, 2019

China Hits Back at US on Trade: Bloomberg

Malcolm Scott, Kevin Hamlin and Tian Chen
August 5, 2019