A readily measurable aspect of globalization is the increasing exchange of capital, products and services across national boundaries, spurred by expanded use of container shipping and other technological improvements as well as falling barrier. The interdependence is most apparent with global supply chains, as manufactured goods like vehicles and electronics are assembled with components produced around the world, and it’s increasingly rare for any country to be the sole source of any one complex product. Countries aim to increase exports but worry about too many imports and trade imbalances, even as their consumers pursue low prices. Disagreements on subsidies, tariffs, quotas or unfair practices are debated by the World Trade Organization.

Tangled Threads of Protectionism – Part I

Production quotas have hurt more than helped US and European textile industries
Pietra Rivoli
May 3, 2005

Oil Fuels Beijing's New Power Game

China's search for secure energy sources and supply routes is leading to significant strategic adjustments
Ziad Haider
March 11, 2005

Indian Diplomacy Energized by Search for Oil

But some suppliers will bring more than oil: possible discord with other major partners
Pramit Mitra
March 14, 2005

‘Food Should Be Left Off the Free Trade Table’ - José Bové

French activist explains why his organization opposes WTO and genetically modified food
April 6, 2005

China Shows the Way in a Quota-Free Market

Instead of curbing Chinese textile exports, one should emulate its smart investment and management strategy
Linda Lim
February 21, 2005

Europe's China-Play

An uneasy EU, juggling human rights and business interests, may lift its arms embargo against China
François Godement
December 6, 2004

How Trump Would Rework NAFTA – And What Mexico, Canada Want in Return

NAFTA is tied to increased job and economic growth for each nation
Theophilos Argitis, Eric Martin, and Saleha Mohsin
January 24, 2017

China Groups Take Out Insurance Against Blocking of Foreign Deals

The firms anticipate increasing protectionism
Henry Sender
January 12, 2017

China Launches Freight Train to Britain

The milestone is part of an effort to stimulate the Chinese economy
Louise Moon
January 11, 2017