• Dilip Hiro
    New York: Nation Books, 2007

    Oil, as a cheap energy source, contributed so much prosperity and comfort throughout the 20th century. But now the world must wrestle with the notion that supplies are limited and prices are rapidly rising. With “Blood of the Earth: The Battle for the World’s Vanishing Oil Resources,” historian and journalist Dilip Hiro documents the history of oil and anticipates the conflicts and alternatives for the days ahead.

  • Mark Matthews
    Nation Books, 2007

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict continues to haunt the Middle East, and peace remains an elusive goal for world leaders. Journalist Mark Matthews details and analyzes the many lost opportunities for resolving the conflict in recent years, starting with George Bush’s first visit to Israel as governor of Texas and potential presidential candidate, as described in this excerpt. Matthews’ thorough reporting reveals how people affected by such conflict depend on their leaders to seek out connections, overlook cultural differences and...

  • Ian Burma
    Penguin Press, 2006

    A milestone in the clash between Europe’s secularism and Islamic values came on November 2, 2004, when a 26-year-old Dutchman, of Morroccan heritage killed filmmaker Theo van Gogh. The young man opposed van Gogh’s film about Somali-born Dutch politician Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a vocal critic of Islam. Europe is a bastion for free speech and individual rights, but a small number of Muslim immigrants from neighboring nations oppose such freedoms. The groups with opposing values continue to offend each other.

  • Michael D. Swaine and Zhang Tuosheng with Danielle F.S. Cohen
    Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006

    Nations can manage crises with self-restraint. The history of how China and the US have managed crises, standoffs and disagreements - over the Cold War, the Vietnam War, the Korean War, and the status of Taiwan - is examined by Michael D. Swaine of the Carnegie Endowment for Peace and Zhang Tuosheng of the China Foundation for International and Strategic Studies, with Danielle F.S. Cohen. The book offers both Chinese and US perspectives on key historical events and concludes with specific recommendations for management of such...

  • Ramachandra Guha
    University of California Press, 2006

    With the growing economic power and desires of developing nations like India and China, rampant consumerism and growth is not sustainable for the long term. Citizens of populous developing nations want to live like the citizens of the US and Europe. Ramachandra Guha, a pioneer in the field of environmental history, analyzes the environmental movements in India and the United States, with all their respective politics, chauvinism and aspirations. He repeats Gandhi’s observation - “The world has enough for everybody’s need, but...

  • Lant Pritchett
    Center for Global Development, 2006

    Wealthy countries should lift controls on labor moving across national borders, argues Lant Pritchett, socioeconomist with the World Bank and fellow at the Center for Global Development, based in New Delhi. Pritchett poses provocative questions - from whether l abor movement across borders promotes crime to whether nationality is a moral basis for discrimination. He also poses policies recommendations that would allow unskilled labor to cross borders in ways that might be politically acceptable to the wealthy nations, by minimizing risks...

  • George Rupp
    Columbia University Press, 2006

    Convictions cannot be ignored. With globalization and convictions bumping up against one another, communities must be inclusive, according to George Rupp, president of the International Rescue Committee. Religion is the source of some conviction, and likewise, fast-paced globalization lacking in coordination and regulation has resulted in an unequal distribution of resources and secular forms of conviction. The world community can be strengthened by people holding strong convictions and inclusive attitudes who strive to understand the...

  • Morton Abramowitz and Stephen Bosworth
    The Century Foundation Press, 2006

    China’s rise has begun to change the system itself as well as the U.S. role in it. Given the wide ramifications of our relations, both countries have no choice but to get along with each other. The U.S. government should consistently make clear that it supports China’s rapid growth, that it views China as a necessary collaborator in international affairs whatever our differences, that the United States will remain deeply engaged in East Asia, and that it will not pursue an anti-China alliance.