Gender

Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, activities and attributes that a particular society considers appropriate for men and women, explains the World Health Organization. The distinct roles, reinforced by legal systems and religion, have historically given rise to gender inequalities not only in health care but with education and employment opportunities. Globalization has challenged the most archaic perceptions of gender roles through books, films and other media; new technologies in satellite television and the internet; policies of multinational corporations and tourism. Human rights groups reach across borders to lend support and inspiration to those in other lands; the United Nations and other international target gender equality as a major goal.

Recently in YaleGlobal

Joseph Chamie and Barry Mirkin
YaleGlobal
, 28 October 2014
Wild variation in regulations worldwide ensure that surrogacy is both human right and exploitation
Marisol Ruiz
YaleGlobal
, 19 August 2014
Border crises flare as government policies neglect inequality, family planning and gender mainstreaming
Amrita Nandy
YaleGlobal
, 13 May 2014
Biological parenthood is valued over all other forms – childlessness should be de-stigmatized
Barry Mirkin
YaleGlobal
, 3 April 2014
Governments must prepare for diverse rates of fertility, urbanization and aging population – all happening simultaneously
Joseph Chamie
YaleGlobal
, 6 March 2014
After centuries of male dominance in higher education, women outnumber men in attendance, graduation rates
Joseph Chamie
YaleGlobal
, 7 January 2014
China’s one-child policy lifted living standards, but set a hard-to- reverse trend of demographic decline
> MORE YALEGLOBAL ARTICLES

In the News

María Elena Candia
Foreign Policy
, 27 March 2015
Maduro administration continues unsustainable government spending
Salil Tripathi
LiveMint.com
, 6 March 2015
Indian government’s attempt to block the film reinforces the message
Scott Berinato
Harvard Business Review
, 13 February 2015
In sea of credit-card data, researcher identifies most users with dates, locations of four purchases
Patti Waldmeir
Financial Times
, 16 January 2015
China’s one-child policy reduced poverty, keeping the population close to 1.2 billion by 2000
Saadia Zahidi
World Economic Forum
, 20 November 2014
Inequality in wages, work, leadership lingers for women around the globe
Jamil Anderlini
Financial Times
, 4 September 2014
The bonuses, 135 percent of average annual rural incomes, are intended to ease unrest
> MORE IN THE NEWS

More On Gender

COLUMN
Anyone can be a manufacturer
VIDEO
Hadiza Bala Usman, founder of the #BringBackOurGirls movement, discusses her work responding to the abduction of more than 300 girls by extremists in northern Nigeria, the limited government response and what more can be done. This video is part of the Yale Global Perspectives series. To learn more about Yale and the World, visit world.yale.edu.
BOOK REVIEW
Asian nations respond to these shifting demographics, combining modern elements of health care with traditional perspectives.
ACADEMIC PAPER
Labor laws go unenforced in factories making apparel for western consumers; workers who complain about safety violations are targeted