Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, activities and attributes that a particular society considers appropriate for men and women, explains the World Health Organization. The distinct roles, reinforced by legal systems and religion, have historically given rise to gender inequalities not only in health care but with education and employment opportunities. Globalization has challenged the most archaic perceptions of gender roles through books, films and other media; new technologies in satellite television and the internet; policies of multinational corporations and tourism. Human rights groups reach across borders to lend support and inspiration to those in other lands; the United Nations and other international target gender equality as a major goal.

Women More Educated Than Men But Still Paid Less

After centuries of male dominance in higher education, women outnumber men in attendance, graduation rates
Joseph Chamie
March 6, 2014

Easing One-Child Policy May Be Too Late

China’s one-child policy lifted living standards, but set a hard-to- reverse trend of demographic decline
Joseph Chamie
January 7, 2014

Winners and Losers After Arab Spring

Surveys in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia show variations in who’s empowered or sidelined
Lindsay J. Benstead, Ellen M. Lust, Dhafer Malouche, Gamal Soltan, Jakob Wichmann
August 27, 2013

To Lift Afghan Women, Educate All

Project Artemis recruits Afghan women entrepreneurs, who train and employ fellow Afghans
Susan Froetschel
April 8, 2013

What’s the Bigger Challenge – Baby Boom or Bust?

The Philippines stands out in Asia for its high fertility and poverty rates
Philip Bowring
October 5, 2012

Childless by Choice

More people decide against having children, presenting quandaries for governments and the elderly
Joseph Chamie, Barry Mirkin
March 2, 2012

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Africa’s Economic Potential Hit Hard by Gender Inequality

Lack of opportunities for girls and women holds Africa back from higher GDP
Amy Copley
September 12, 2016

The Battle of the Burkini

Anti-Muslim rhetoric is framed in the language of human rights
Ian Buruma
September 6, 2016

No Handshake Exemption for Muslim Students, Swiss Canton Rules

School policies pit gender equality against religious belief
May 26, 2016

Family Planning Is “Critical Link" in Eradicating Poverty

Family planning is key to sustainable development, poverty reduction and economic growth
Zofeen Ebrahim and Liz Ford
January 27, 2016

Filipino Catholic Church Continues to Fight Family Planning

Health officials estimate 70 percent of pregnancies are terminated because parents cannot afford children
Marilen J. Danguilan
January 13, 2016

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